AllJoyn Router Service – AllJoyn is a component of the AllSeen Alliance, run by the Linux Foundation, to enable the “Internet of Things” with devices talking to each other. Windows 10 certainly wants a future in that, so the service allows it to talk to other AllJoyn devices for home automation and many other future tasks embracing the IoT.
Andrea RT Filters Service – Sigmatel uses the Andrea ST Filters service mostly for noise cancellation. (Mostly HP Computers)
App Readiness – Gets apps ready for use the first time a user signs in to this PC, and when adding new apps.
AppX Deployment Service – Provides infrastructure support for deploying Store applications. This service is started on demand and if disabled Store applications will not be deployed to the system, and may not function properly.
Auto Time Zone Updater – While you can set the time zone manually, by using the Time zone drop-down options, you can now instead let Windows 10 do so automatically.
Bluetooth Handsfree Server – Converges Bluetooth stack excluding Hands-free profile (HFP), and Audio/Video Remote Control Profile. Migrates Bluetooth drivers for updating Windows 7 / 8.1 to 10 and allows/blocks connections and pairings based off of profiles supported.
Client License Service – Part of the Windows Store since Windows 8.1, required for all windows store services
Connected Device Platform Service – Related to Xbox and other media related services such as touch devices.
Connected User Experiences and Telemetry – Formerly named Diagnostic Tracking Service (As in spying on user info.), now renamed to CUE&T. Sends user information back to Microsoft.
Contact Data – Manages your contact information for such apps as Mail, Skype, Etc.
Core Messaging – Enables sending and receiving of SMS/MMS messages to cell phones, integrates phone apps, and Skype.
Data Sharing Service – Shares personal information from calendars, events, or other such contact information on Microsoft accounts.
Data Collection Publishing Service – Much like Data Sharing Service, however, it collects information from local and remote accounts.
Delivery Optimization – Downloads and Updates applications and windows from local network PC’s and on the Internet.
Device Association Service – Serves as a framework for connecting and pairing both wired and wireless devices with Windows.
Device Install Service – Installs and Removes device driver information automatically with little or no user input.
Device Management Enrollment Service – Part of the Active Directory Service computer account for machine certificates, enrolls and registers devices.
Device Setup Manager – Checks Windows Update every night for device driver updates, and keeps Windows updated.
DevQuery Background Discovery Broker – Runs in the background enables applications to discover devices connected.
Download Maps Manager – Used to update maps through the integrated maps application and relay location information.
Embedded Mode – Access apps when using the device, also enables other functionality such as background tasks that can run forever. (IoT)
Enterprise App Management Service – Manages both Store and non-Store apps as part of the native (MDM) Mobile Device Management capabilities. New in Windows 10 is the ability to take inventory of all your apps.
File History Service – Creates backups of the Documents, Music, Pictures, Videos, and Desktop folders, along with OneDrive for offline use.
HV Host Service – Part of Hypervisor services for virtual machine hosting.
Hyper-V – Hypervisor controls all aspects of Virtual Machines on Windows 10 computers. (I paraphrase here there are many Hyper-V services.)
Infrared Monitor Service – Detects other Infrared devices that are in range and launches the file transfer application.
Local Session Manager – Core Windows Service that manages local user sessions.
Messaging Service – Enables applications running at different times to communicate across heterogeneous networks and systems that may be temporarily offline.
Microsoft (R) Diagnostic Hub Standard Collector Service – Event tracing for Windows provides performance capacity and analysis of applications by logging application, user, and kernel event information.
Microsoft Account Sign-In Assistant – Provides and end user sign-in service for Microsoft enabled accounts.
Microsoft Passport – Management and verification for user and business account information using Two-Factor authentication.
Microsoft Passport Container – Manages local user identity keys used to authenticate users to identity providers.
Microsoft Storage Spaces – Helps protect your data from drive failures and extend storage over time as you add drives to your PC. You can use Storage Spaces to group two or more drives together in a storage pool and then use capacity from that pool to create virtual drives called storage spaces.
Microsoft Windows SMS Router Service – The SMS activates a workflow service host, which creates an instance store (such as SQL Workflow Instance Store) and invokes a method on the store to load the workflow service instance from the instance store into memory.
Network Connected Devices Auto-Setup – Automatically connects to local networks using network discovery and installs qualified devices. Can be accessed in Change advanced sharing settings.
Network Connection Broker – Brokers connections that allow Windows Store Apps to receive notifications
Optimize Drives – Modern renamed version of Disk Defragmenter.
Phone Service – Allows Cortana for Android users to get missed-call notifications on their PC
Printer Extensions and Notifications – This service opens custom printer dialog boxes and handles notifications from a remote print server or a printer.
Radio Management Service – This is additional Bluetooth management support for things like airplane mode in Windows 10
Retail Demo Service – Is used during in-store sales for promotional purposes only.
Sensor Data Service – Unified sensor interface and universal driver for Windows 10 that will support a slew of environmental, biometric, proximity, health and motion sensors
Sensor Monitoring Service – Monitors various sensors in order to expose data and adapt to system and user state.
Sensor Service – Management for different sensors functionality and Simple Device Orientation.
Shared PC Account Manager – Optimizes Windows 10 for shared use scenarios, such as touchdown spaces in an enterprise and temporary customer use in retail.
Shell Hardware Detection – Service is in charge of Autoplay functions.
Smart Card Enumeration Service – Creates software device nodes for all smart card readers accessible
Spot Verifier – Service Provides Disk Corruption Spot Verification Capabilities
State Repository Service – Provides required infrastructure support for the application model. (API)
Still, Image Acquisition Events – Applications can be initiated from the scanner scan button via push events
Storage Service – Provides real information you can use, and tools that let you see what is using up space, and even allowing you to reclaim some of it.
Storage Tiers Management – Automated progression or demotion of data across different tiers of storage devices and media
Sync Host – This service synchronizes mail, contacts, calendar and various other user data
System Events Broker – Coordinates execution of background work for WinRT application
Tile Data Model Server – Controls and coordinates the tiles in Windows Start Menu
Time Broker – Updated version of the runtime broker service checks if an app is declaring all of its permissions (like accessing your Photos) and informing the user whether or not its being allowed.
Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service – Enables Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel pen and ink functionality.
Update Orchestrator Service for Windows Update – Runs Windows updating services and is responsible for rebooting after updates
User Data Access – Provides apps access to structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content.
User Data Storage – Handles storage of structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content.
User Manager – Windows user account and group management system
WalletService – Houses sensitive information for electronic payments such as credit card information
Windows Camera Frame Server – Connects to the data streams from webcams, the frame server supports multiple connections from applications and shares the video data from the camera to every connected app
Windows Connection Manager – Automatic connection management makes connection decisions by looking at Ethernet, Wi-Fi, and mobile broadband interfaces. These decisions lead to automatic connect and disconnect actions on Wi-Fi and mobile broadband interfaces
Windows Insider Service – Enables Windows Insiders to consume and deploy preproduction code to their test machines
Windows License Manager Service – Provides management and storage of the Licenses associated with purchased apps from the windows store.
Windows Mobile Hotspot Service – Provides the ability to share a cellular data connection with another device
Windows Push Notification System Service – Enables third-party developers to send toast, tile, badge, and raw updates from their own cloud service.
Work Folders – For file servers running Windows Server that provides a consistent way for users to access their work files from their PCs and devices
Xbox Live Auth Manager – Provides authentication and authorization services for interacting with Xbox Live.
Xbox Live Game Save – If you have more than one Xbox 360 console or you want to play games at a friend’s house, you can store your saved games in the cloud
Xbox Live Networking Service – Networking protocol that’s used to establish secure communications between clients and servers, and to facilitate connectivity between devices behind routers that use network address translation (NAT).